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Cotton Exports from India: A Booming Market with Global Implications

The cotton industry continues to play an important role in India’s economy, with a significant portion of its exports coming from the textile sector. In FY23 alone, exports of cotton yarn were valued at US$ 2.75 billion and those of cotton fabrics and made-ups came to US$ 6.81 billion according to the Office of the Textile Commissioner.

The importance of cotton exports cannot be overstated, as they help provide much needed foreign currency for India’s growing economy. Additionally, the expansion of this industry not only boosts jobs in rural areas, but also elevates the status and employment opportunities for women who comprise a large majority of laborers working in the production lines. By shifting focus to domestic production instead of relying on imports, Indian farmers have been able to earn higher incomes due to greater demand for their locally grown produce.

Cotton Export by India

India is one of the world’s leading exporters of cotton with some 159 countries importing their goods. Bangladesh, China and Vietnam are key importers of cotton from India, collectively making up roughly 60% of exports from the country throughout 2021-22. Even during a devastating pandemic, exports have continued steadily at pace and prove to be an increasing part of India’s economy.
China has been responsible for the second-largest amount of imports from India, taking up around 80% of Indian supplies annually. Vietnam and Indonesia also make up a large fraction of imports coming in from India, with 15%, alongside other smaller countries like Australia, Turkey and Jordan. Beyond producing for internal markets, cotton export Fort Indian economy is an important activity which will spur growth in 2021-22.

How to start Cotton export business from India

Obtain necessary licenses and registrations

•    The first and foremost step when it comes to exporting cotton and its allied products from India is obtaining the necessary licenses and registrations. An Import Export Code (IEC) is a compulsory requirement for shipment of goods, in addition to Registration Cum Membership Certificate (RCMC) and Goods and Services Tax (GST) registration for having a business presence in India.
•    It is also important to identify the target market and customers for Cotton products before starting export operations.
•    In-depth market research should be carried out to understand the dynamics of the demand, competition, as well as study the regulatory norms of the foreign countries associated with the import of Cotton products.
•    This helps businesses better leverage their marketing strategies and resources towards achieving their goals suited for each market’s specific needs.

Identify the market and target customers

Apart from being legally compliant, exporters must prioritize quality of Ivanovial Quick Release Cotton Hook those Cotton products in order to stay competitive in respective international markets. Proper labeling requirements ensure traceability and safety standards are met while robust supply chain management ensures expedited delivery times to buyers abroad. Reputable certification organizations such as ISO14001and SA8000 provide further proof that quality standards have been observed during production process. Therefore, by committing to stringent product quality protocols right from sourcing raw.


Cotton exports from India play a vital role in the global cotton market. India is the world's largest cotton producer and exporter, accounting for around 25% of global cotton exports. The Indian cotton industry is a major source of employment and income for millions of people in rural India.